Malware Protection

Knowing the most common types of malware and how they spread will help you understand and avoid their attacks on your computer and your business.
In addition, it will also help you to decide which Antivirus Suite is best for your needs.

Malware is a broad term used for any type of malicious software designed to intrude into any programmable device, service or network. Cybercriminals typically use it to extract data that can be used for financial gain. That data can be financial details, healthcare records, sensitive corporate or personal information, personal emails and passwords.
Major ways by which malware spread are : Email: Cybercriminals send malicious attachments and links in emails that appear to come from the list of your contacts.  When you download or open the attachment or click on the link your device gets infected. The Internet:  When you visit and browse an infected website your device gets infected. Outdated software: Malware enters into the system via vulnerabilities present in the OS, browser, device Drivers, System plugins. Cybercriminals keep on searching such computer systems that have vulnerabilities to inject the malware. Local Area Networks (LANs): If one computer becomes infected with malware, all other computers in the LAN may quickly get infected. Instant messaging (IM) and peer-to-peer (P2P) file-sharing systems: If you’re using a client for these online activities, malware may spread to your computer. Social networks: If a social website account gets infected,  anyone who visits the profile page his device could get infected. Pop-ups: This is the most widespread way to infect your device. You will see a pop-up that looks genuine stating “Malware is detected. Click here to Remove the Malware”. If you attempt to remove the malware as urged, you’ll actually install the malware. Computer storage media: If your machine is infected and you share your storage media such as USB drives, DVDs, and CDs with others their machine will also get infected. Mobile devices: Smartphones and tablets act as mini-computers. All the ways applicable to the spread of malware via Computers are applicable to mobile devices also.
VIRUS : A computer virus is a type of computer program that, when executed, replicates itself by modifying other computer programs and alter the way a computer operates. WORM : A computer worm is a standalone malware computer program that replicates itself to spread to other computers. It does not need to attach itself to a software program to cause damage. TROJAN: Trojan malware presents itself as legitimate software such as interesting games, quizzes, or other useful software. This tricks victims into downloading and running the bogus software on their computer systems. Once installed, a Trojan starts attacking its host computer and may strike by displaying annoying pop-up windows, spreading stubborn viruses, stealing personal data or passwords, or deleting programs and files. Trojans don’t spread on their own. Instead, they make user to damage their computer themselves. BOTS : Malicious bots are malware that infects its host and connects back to a central server(s). The server functions as a “command and control center” for a botnet. They can easily go unnoticed. They have file names and processes similar if not identical to regular system files/processes. Bots are usually used to infect large numbers of computers. These infected computers, known as “zombies,” are used to send spam, host phishing websites, execute DoS attacks or steal victims’ identities by monitoring keystrokes. SCAREWARE: Scareware is a malware tactic that trick users into believing that, they need to download or buy malicious software. You might see an alarming message while browsing the Web that says “Warning: Your computer is infected!” or “You have a virus!”. Cybercriminals use these programs to sell fake antivirus programs or install Ransomware onto your machine. Be careful. Do not click anywhere inside that pop-up. Simply close the browser window. Or Close the browser via Task Manager. ADWARE : Adware programs show unwanted advertisements to users and typically display blinking advertisements or pop-up windows when the user performs a certain action. Adware programs are often installed when you install free software or Trial Software. They negatively impact the user’s experience and make computers and browsers run slower. Adware can also be used to access your browsing history and target you with specific ads. Or it can be used as spyware to steal your internet history, contacts, passwords or even credit card information. PHISHING : Phishing is a practice wherein you receive emails pretending to be from reputable companies and trick you to reveal your personal information, such as username, passwords and credit card numbers. Another way of phishing is that the user is directed to the bank’s legitimate website then a popup window requests credentials on top of the legitimate page. This makes many users think that the bank is requesting this sensitive information. RANSOMEWARE : Is the most popular and profitable malware amongst cybercriminals. This malware once installed onto a victim’s machine, encrypts their files and then demands a ransom (usually in Bitcoin) to return that data to the user.
Malware Protection : The first and foremost function of Antivirus software is to detect, neutralize or eradicate malware (malicious software). Phishing Protection : Antivirus detects phishing attempts and blocks them before they reach you. Firewall : The firewall feature of Antivirus Suite can help protect your machine by filtering traffic and blocking outsiders from gaining unauthorized access to the private data on your computer. Firewalls can be configured to block data from certain locations (i.e., computer network addresses, applications or ports while allowing relevant and necessary data through. Browsing Protection : Browsing Protection is a browser extension. When you browse the internet this extension carries out a quick analysis of the search results and indicates which sites are safe and which are suspicious. Safe Banking : With this feature activated, all other network connections will be disconnected and only your banking connection will be kept active. Parental Control : Parental Control helps parents to restrict kids from visiting inappropriate or potentially dangerous websites. It helps parents to regulate their children’s usage of computer applications like gaming programs, social media platforms etc. In addition, it can also be used to set a timetable based on which, kids can access their computer on particular days and time. Webcam Protection : Webcam Protection prevents unauthorized access to your web camera. With the Webcam Protection feature, you can deny access to the web camera or create groups of trusted applications that will be allowed to access the webcam. Password Manager : Generates strong unique passwords and securely stores them. Checks for weak or reused passwords. VPN : VPN allows you to surf websites privately and securely as well as gain access to restricted websites and overcome censorship blocks. VPNs cloak your data by encrypting it on its journey to and from your device and the network to which it communicates.
Here are some of the many ways to tell if your computer is infected :
  • Internet access is slow for no apparent reason.
  • The computer crashes for no apparent reason.
  • The fan goes into overdrive when the device is idle.
  • The computer takes a long time to shut down, or fails to shut down correctly.
  • Pop-up windows and advertisements appear even when you aren’t using a
  • web browser.
  • Friends and family receive email messages you did not send.
  • Computer programs are running slowly.
  • Settings have changed, and there’s no way to reverse them.
  • The browser shows components you didn’t download.
  • Your web browser takes you to sites you did not intend to visit.
  • Frequent Infection warnings, accompanied by an offer to fix them.
  • For complete security use full Antivirus Suite. Keep it updated.
  • Make sure to Always keep the operating system, Applications and Device       Drivers updated.
  • Do not allow USB drives of any kind from your friends or relatives to connect to your machine.
  • Avoid Password Auto-Fill Service.
  • Wherever possible use Two-Factor Authentication. (Password and Mobile OTP)
  • Check your bank accounts and credit reports regularly
  • Only purchase security software from a reputable company via their official website or in a retail store.
  • You may receive mail from your friend or relative but irrelevant subject. You may receive mail from an unknown sender with subject such as “YOU HAVE WON $100000”   Be cautious about all such communications you receive.
    • Do not click on any links listed in the email message
    • Do not open any attachments contained in a suspicious email.
    • Do not enter personal information on a pop-up screen.
  • In the case of Scareware POP-UP, do not click anywhere in that window. Simply close the browser or kill the POP-Up window via Task Manager.
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